Cyber crimes are an increasing threat to the cyber world. Victim of the crime can be individual or the Multinational Companies (MNC), it gives them highest security risk to use the internet in a safer way. What all are the crime that one should be aware of and not to be the victim of the crime?
Cyber-Stalking: – The crime in which one person is being harassed by another using e-mail, messages, phone calls and other communication devices to stalk by false accusation, threat identity theft and many such similar aspects of crime involve which is showing the rapid growth in India. Cyberstalking not only harasses you, but will destroy your career, self- image in the society, credits, friends, academics, your trust and confidence in others. Spyware Softwares can be used to monitor your communication medium to know what’s happening.
Defamation: – Online defamation can be in the written form which is called as libel, defamation in which one makes the defamatory statement (damaging the image and reputation in the society) against another. The internet is now in the vast field of business and publications and defamation also grows accordingly. The defamation case will be covered under section 499 of Indian Penal Code. One should not involve himself making any false representation to another individual or business making their reputation and image down in the society he will be liable for making the defamatory statement.
Hacking & Cracking: – Hacking itself is the major offence in this cyber world. It’s the crime in which the private information of the individual or companies leaked out by the hackers who logged into their websites and computer system and hacks all the data and information and useful resources and credits which is also punishable under the IT Act 2000 section 66 which is the imprisonment of 3 years or fine up to Rs 10 lakh or both.
Cracking is also similar but it leads to the paid software and information and the software keys to be revealed for the users in the world it’s simply the password retrieval method using brute force attacks or different algorithms.
E-mail & SMS spoofing: – When any person’s email id or phone number is used to send the malicious items just to fool others and make them trouble. many applications for spoofing is available online. It’s also one of the leading cybercrime don’t share your details in the spoofing SMS and e-mails.
Phishing: – the crime mainly in which a consumer asked for his credit card details and giving his identity of the bank employee and will take your funds from the bank by making a fraud credit card this is called phishing not only credit cards but different bank account numbers associated with net banking.
Forgery, Fraud & theft: – Forgery involves the duplication of the documents and the digital signature used and making other fools that can be threatening to an individual & company in online business dealings. As per reports says Maharashtra is the leading state in the case of online forgery & fraud. A person who has done this crime will be liable under section 465 of Indian Penal Code for the imprisonment of 2 years or with fine, or both.
Fraud and theft, both are well-known cybercrime today by making people fool as they started trusting everyone on the internet it is mainly due to the preachment of trust gained by a person on the internet. Many theft and fraud cases are registered in India with an increase in number, but all the cases are not solved. Fraud in the banking sector is growing rapidly and theft from atm cards and net banking is well known to all.
Cybersquatting: – when someone takes your domain name for which you have registered and paid a large sum and some others are using your domain name for the websites, then you will be the victim of cybersquatting someone has held your domain name.
Cyber Trespass: – it’s the crime in which he or she intentionally without the permission or authorization accesses, alters, delete, destroy, damage or share the information to others for the beneficiary to the criminal are known as cyber-trespass.
Online Gambling: – one major offence where many people used to play and casinos & pokers and many games. In India, online gambling case begins for the season of Indian Premier League (IPL), where the betting is done by top businessmen and even horse racing and lotteries are also the games that most of the Indian plays. Online gambling is illegal in the state of Maharashtra. The Public Gambling Act of 1867 is a central law that prohibits gambling. The penalty for breaking this law is a fine of ₹200 or imprisonment of up to 3 months. Additionally, this Act prohibits visiting gambling houses. A fine of ₹100 or imprisonment of up to one month is the penalty.